References: Sleep Health Assessment

The Health Risk Assessments have been created by A.D.A.M. Inc. The assessment questions and their corresponding health messages are based on the following references and physician review:

Banks S, Dorrian J, Basner M, Dinges S. In: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 5.

Basner RC. Obstructive Sleep Apnea. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 100.

Drake CL, Wright KP. Shift Work, Shift-Work Disorder, and Jet Lag. In: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC, eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 75.

Kwatra V, Khan MA, Quadri SA, Cook TS. Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome: A Literature Review. Cureus. 2018 Sep 13;10(9):e3297. PMID: 30443467.

Lichstein KL, Taylor DJ, McCrae CS, Petrov ME. Insomnia: Epidemiology and Risk Factors. In: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 81.

Mansukhani MP, Kolla BP, St. Louis EK, Morgenthaler TI. Sleep Disorders. In: Kellerman RD, Rakel DP eds. Conn's Current Therapy 2019, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2019. 721-736.

Ong JC, JT Arnedt, Gehrman PR. Insomnia Diagnosis, Assessment, and Evaluation. In: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 83.

Roehrs T, Carskadon MA, Dement WC, Roth T. Daytime Sleepiness and Alertness. In: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 4.

Wackfield TL, Lam DJ, Ishman SL. Sleep Apnea and Sleep Disorders. In: Flint PW, Haughey BH, Lund V, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 18.

Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, et al. Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: A Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society. Sleep. 2015 Jun 1;38(6):843-4. PMID: 26039963 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26039963.