References: Stroke Risk Assessment

The Health Risk Assessments have been created by A.D.A.M. Inc. The assessment questions and their corresponding health messages are based on the following references and physician review:

American Heart Association website. Prevention and Treatment of High Cholesterol (Hyperlipidemia). http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/PreventionTreatmentofHighCholesterol/Prevention-and-Treatment-of-High-Cholesterol-Hyperlipidemia_UCM_001215_Article.jsp#.WbsQbciGOUk. Updated April 27, 2017. Accessed April 28, 2017.

Bassetti CL. Sleep and stroke. In: Kryger M, Roth T, Dement WC, eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2017:chap 93.

Biller J, Ruland S, Schneck MJ. Ischemic cerebrovascular disease. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomery SL, eds. Bradley’s Neurology in Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 65.

Bushnell C, McCullough LD, Awad IA, et al. Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in women: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014;45(5):1545-1588. PMID: 24503673 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24503673.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Stroke. www.cdc.gov/stroke/. Updated February 6, 2017. Accessed April 12, 2017.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. About Adult BMI. https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/index.html. Updated May 15, 2015. Accessed April 24, 2017

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Physical Activity for a Healthy Weight. https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/physical_activity/index.html. Updated May 15, 2015. Accessed April 24, 2017

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Keeping It Off. Updated May 15, 2015. Accessed April 24, 2017

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Family History and Other Characteristics That Increase Risk for Stroke. Updated December 29, 2016. Accessed April 28, 2017.

Goldstein LB. Ischemic cerebrovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 407.

Goldstein LB. Prevention and management of ischemic stroke. In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 59.

Kernan WN, Ovbiagele B, Black HR, et al. Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in patients with stroke and transient ischemic attack: a guideline for health care professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014;45(7):2160-2236. PMID: 24788967 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24788967.

Marathe PH, Gao HX, Close KL. American Diabetes Association Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes 2017. J Diabetes. 2017 Apr;9(4):320-324. PMID: 28070960 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28070960.

Meschia JF, Bushnell C, Boden-Albala B, et al. Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a statement for health care professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014;45(12):3754-3832. PMID: 25355838 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25355838.

Ridker PM, Libby P, Buring JE. Risk markers and the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 42.